Understanding nootropics

Imagine a pill that could unlock your full potential, turn you into a sort of super version of yourself, and have unlimited focus energy memory. That’s the promise of nootropics or smart drug. They’re all the rage in Silicon Valley, on Wall Street and even in colleges. Nootropics are used by people who call themselves bio hackers or brain hackers. This did become big in Silicon Valley after all they want to take control of their biology to perform better. They do this in a lot of ways through nutrition, meditation, fasting and of course with nootropics. If there’s anyone who knows how to maximize human health and performance, it’s the guy hunched over a computer 24/7.


What are Nootropic Drugs?

Nootropics are substances that can enhance memory, learning and help the brain work under stress. They’re non-toxic with few or no side-effects. So what exactly are these magical brain-enhancing drugs that have no possible downside whatsoever? Technically, Coffee is a nootropic, but don’t think you’re a biohacker just because you drink a cup of sugary coffee every day from the local breakfast food cart. A real bio hacker spends countless hours poring over scientific reviews, research papers and looking for evidence about a variety of chemical compounds. Nootropics alter the supply of neural chemicals enzymes or hormones in the brain to make you work better.


Nootropic Regulation

Most nootropics aren’t exactly approved by the medical community except prescription drugs like Adderall, which you’re not supposed to get unless you have a prescription or illegal drugs which you’re not supposed to get at all. But most nootropic drugs are legally considered nutritional supplements, not medication. Nutritional supplements are not regulated or approved by the US Food & Drug Administration. Therefore, if you are buying something under nootropics, the person or company selling them does not need approval from the FDA. They can make whatever health claims they want, and they don’t even need to prove the safety or effectiveness before selling it, as long as you have a disclaimer about how your statements have not been evaluated by the FDA.


Are Nootropics Harmful to Your Health?

That’s not to say that all nootropics are dangerous, a lot of them are safe. On the other hand, consuming those mystery pills you bought online from China because someone on Reddit recommended them, maybe isn’t such a great idea. If you’re a competitive athlete, there are more unknowns especially if you’re under the age of 25. This is because your brain is still developing and according to a leading neuroscientist at the University of Cambridge, we do not know the long-term consequences of the effects of these drugs on a healthy developing brain. This study found that 18 percent of sophomores juniors and seniors at universities have used a prescription drug to study for a test, write a paper or take an exam. According to the Telegraph, about 25% of students at leading UK universities have taken a prescription drug to help them study. They’re doing drugs to do better in school.



People who take nootropics or smart drugs aren’t looking to escape reality, they’re looking to enhance performance, and it must have some effect. The real danger in nootropics is that they might unlock your full potential. Widespread use of nootropics could be like how smartphones make a lot of things easier and more efficient, but they also erode the boundary between work and the rest of our lives.…


Understanding the types of polymerization

There is rapid scientific progress that is experienced by human beings. This renaissance is evident in various disciplines even in the plastics field. Polymers are wonderful substances which have changed the way people live. However, very few people understand how these materials are made. This post is meant to shed some light on this subject. You will get insights about different types of polymerization.

t2gwedf6vhedf82ue9k22A polymer is a molecule which is made up of several monomers. Monomers are also molecules but small in size, and usually organic. They can form the chemical bonds or other related molecules. When they are many monomers join forces, they form a polymer such as cycloolefin polymer. The majorities of synthetic polymers are of a plastic type and are related to oil. However, there are several forms of polymers which occur naturally. They are called biopolymers. A good example is the protein molecule.

Polymerization reactions

Monomers are a result of chemical interactions called polymerization reactions. The reactions can be broadly categorized as step-reaction polymerization and chain-reaction polymerization. Step reactions are known as condensation whereas chain-reactions are known as an addition.

Chain reactions are three-way operations which involve two structures; the monomers and free radical catalysts. The free radicals are just molecular fragments which are free, unstable electrons. As a result of instability, the free radicals interact with a broad range of substances. The steps monomers and free radicals follow to create polymers include initiation, propagation, and termination.


This is the first step which begins when the free radicals interact with the double bond monomer. After breaking down the double bond, the free electrons are transferred to the available monomer atom.


This reaction is repeated on the available monomer atoms. This is the time when the formation of polymers begins.


This is the end of the reaction or chain. It involves capping off the end of the chain by the leftover free radical. After the part is complete, the polymer chain is ready for action.

Types of plastic polymers

t2wgefv6ehdf82ue9ik2Two major types of plastic polymers are thermosets and thermoplastics. Thermoplastics contain carbon compounds. Moreover, they can be created by both addition and condensation reactions. The molecules, in this case, are usually linear. This makes it possible for them to move around and slide. This explains why they are easily molded and formed when they are subjected to the high temperatures.…


General information about getting a pet lizard

Are you interested in getting a pet lizard? If the answer is yes, then you need to do a proper research. You should know everything that concerns the lizard before you decide on whether or not to adopt a given lizard. Once you adopt a lizard as a pet, you should know how to properly take care of it so that it can enjoy its entire lifespan. Some of the things that you ought to understand include:

  • By adopting the lizard, you should understand that it is a long-term commitment
  • Adopting the lizards is cheap, but the equipment used for its care is expensive
  • Know the size of the lizard once it gets to the adult stage
  • Since all reptiles carry salmonella, you should talk to professionals about how to manage this condition.

Choosing a lizard


Once you have researched, you can go ahead and choose your lizard. There are different species of lizard. Make sure that you get your lizard from a reputable lizard breeder. Avoid the wild lizards because they tend to under stress and are therefore susceptible to diseases and parasites. The wild lizards are also challenging to domesticate and keep as pets. Another concern of adopting the wild lizards is that there is danger in depleting a particular species. The bearded dragon is one of the best lizards that you can have as your pet.

Type of lizard to adopt

There are different types of lizards that you can adopt. If you are a beginner or an experienced lizard handler, there is a recommended lizard for you. As a beginner, it is always recommended, to begin with, the lizard species that are easier to handle and manage. Similarly, the experienced guys can still go for the lizards that are quite difficult to control. That way they will learn new handling skills which will help them enjoy their pets.

Caring for the lizards


Once you acquire the lizards, it is essential to care for the lizards. Caring for the lizards will determine their behavior and how quickly they will adapt to various changes. Some of the critical areas to look at as far as the care for the lizards is concerned to include nutrition, behavior, humidity, heat, habitat, and lighting. You should know that lizards primary feed on insects. Make sure that you provide different insects to your pet lizard-like roaches, crickets, houseflies, and crickets just but to mention a few.


Healthy ways to consume marijuana

Cannabis consumption has increased over the past decade. Users do it for different reasons, and they include to cure or remedy health issues, for recreational purposes and mental related issues. Regardless of the usage marijuana has become the most commonly used drug around the globe. Inherently, marijuana has natural and medicinal modules that have been said to have significant health benefits, and therefore the popularity of the plant is beyond measure. However, there are health concerns that are associated with smoking marijuana. In this case, mechanisms have been developed through which you can negate the dangers that are posed by such consumptions. The side effects and potential risks of marijuana can be contained adequately, and users can thereby enjoy the herb responsibly.

Smoking is the most common way of consuming marijuana, and this mode has been said to carry the most effects, tar, carcinogens, and tobacco are some harmful components that are posed form smoking marijuana. Experts recommend the following ways based on their ability to negate the effects of the components that have been elaborated.


Bongs are considered to be the most convenient and healthiest way of smoking marijuana. The cheap bongs are designed to cool the smoke before it enters your lungs. The water is used as an agent to cool the smoke and reduce the presence of tar that is inherent in smoke. Also, bongs wipe out carcinogens and other impurities that could be detrimental to your lungs. Combustion has byproducts that are filtered by the water bong. In essence, this form of smoking helps reduce the chances of suffering from lung cancer due to smoking. For healthier smoking, experts have recommended that you add ice cubes in the water which will enhance cooling of the smoke. The results of such a smoking apparatus are reduced lung irritation and coughing.


Also known as vapes, vaporizers are apparatus that entail a technique in smoking that employs the science of vaporization. This is described as a smoke-free mechanism which heats your marijuana to a temperature which extracts CBD or THC. Vape pens are available in various sizes. They are preferred because they are portable and can be carried in purses and pockets. Burned organic components during smoking are eliminated, and therefore you are inhibited from experiencing throat pain.

Progressively people are moving away from smoking and you ought to explore these techniques in order to enjoy marijuana and good health.…